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This page was last updated on: June 6, 2017
The Yulin Report
Introduction to Yulin (榆林)
Yulin Landmarks & Monuments
Yulin City & Area Maps
Location : (Coordinates: 38° 17′ North, 109° 44′ East)
Elevation : 1084 Meters (3556 Feet).
Surface Area:
City Prefecture of Yulin - 43,578 km2 (16,826 sq miles)
Urban - No Data.
Population: The Total Urban Population of Yulin City Prefecture is around 3,4 million. The population of the urban districts of Yulin stood at 93.700 in the year 2002 and has risen since. There is no further information available on the population distribution between City Urban regions and the rural area's of the City Prefecture.

The City of Yulin is the northernmost city within Shaanxi Province. As such it borders Wuzhong Prefecture of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the west, on the Ordos Prefecture of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the north west, on Baotou Prefecture of Inner Mongolia in the north, and Shuozhou Prefecture of Shanxi Province in the west across the Yellow River (Huang He). Within Shaanxi Province the Yulin Prefecture borders on Yan'an City Prefecture which lies directly to the south.
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Alphabetically ordered list of Monuments, Landmarks and other sites of interest in and Around Yulin
- Bell Tower (Zhong Lou)
- Ming Dynasty Era City Wall
- Linxiao Pagoda
- Qingyun Temple
-Jingang Temple
- Daixing Temple.

- Pacifying the North (Zhenbei Tai) Tower; largest platform of the Great Wall of China.

- Hongjiannao Lake: Located in the north of Yulin Prefecture, it is the largest inner land fresh lake in Shaanxi Province, locally duly honored as the 'Shining Pearl in Sand Sea' the sand refering to the ever advancing deserts which are about to swallow large parts of north Shaanxi, Shanxi and even Hebei Provinces.

- Hongshixia (Red Stone Gorge): Located also in the north, it is famous for many ancient Chinese calligraphic works carving on the cliffs.

- Li Zicheng's Temporary Palace: Clinging to a high hill, it was established under the order of Li Zicheng, the Shaanxi Based peasant rebel leader who would eventually break through the Great Wall of China near Beijing and capture the Dragon Throne from the last Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD - 1644 AD). Although Li Zicheng was not to survive as the Emperor of China, instead being taken captive by the Manchu Armies who established the Qing Dynasty (1368 AD - 1911 AD), his tale and legend survive through time. As does apparently his "Temporary Palace", a strategicly placed Headquarters from which he built and planned his attack eastward towards the Ming Capital.

- Tongwan City Site: Tongwan City was the capital city of Daxia Kingdom, which was established by a leader of the Huns in the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

A Full listing of Yulin City Landmarks, Monuments, Hotspots and other sites of importance in alphabetical order. Search through the list to find your Full Report and Photo-Virtual Tour of each monument or landmark within the City, or Region of Yulin in Shaanxi Province of China (PRC).
Public Transport in Yulin
Yulin City Air Terminal
Yulin has air connections with the city of Xi'An the Capital of Shaanxi Province, the city of Baotou in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Beijing. By 2007 an air connection with the city of Yinchuan in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was opened. Planes fly from Yinchuan to Yulin (and vice versa) every few days.

The Yujang National Airport of Yulin, located due - no information available.
Complete Listing of available Hotels in Yulin, Shaanxi Province, China (PRC).
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Yulin has a Railroad Station and a National Level Airport. The main railway line connecting to Yulin City is the Xi'An to Baotou railraod. Two National highways pass the city of Yulin.
During the second half of the Ming Dynasty Era (after the devastating Mongolian invasions by the armies of Altan Khan) the Chinese attitude towards the nomadic neighbors was changed dramatically. Where initially, no cross border trade was allowed in fear of aiding the Mongolians in their recovery and return to the battlefield, eventually several "Gates" (Pass Cities) along the Great Wall of China were allowed to be opened. Twice yearly, for a few weeks Mongolians and other nomadic peoples were allowed to exchange their animals for much wanted Chinese goods such as metal implements, ceramics, silks and eventually tea and more.
The massive military watch tower overlooking the "horse Market" which was built to impress the Mongolians of the might and grandeur of the Han Chinese  became the largest watch-tower platform built along the length of the Great Wall.

In the early years of the 17th century the impoverished northern regions of the loess plateaux in Shaanxi Province and neighboring territories were swept by a peasant rebellion, the leader of whom, one Li Zicheng, eventually established his headquarters near Yulin City.  This former headquarters is today known as the Palace of Li Zicheng, the most important tourist venue, if not magnet, of Mizhi County Town. Although not much mentioned in the impressive 7000 year history of the Chinese Culture and its Dynasties, Li Zicheng, the peasant did go on to take Beijing, and then the Forbidden City proclaiming himself the new Emperor of China, before being swept away in the larger tides of conquest going on in north and east Asia at the time. Taking and losing the Throne in 1644 AD and then being overshadowed by the Manchu who established the Qing Dynasty (1644 AD - 1911 AD), Li Zicheng still finds himself locally and regionally revered, hence the substantial tourist traffic at the former location where he established himself king and planned his conquest of the Dragon Throne.
For those who are interested in his earlier life, and the pains of making a living as a farmer on the loess plateaux may travel further north to Li Zichengs Place of Birth (Li Zichengg Chushengdi), an empty location with a small stele near a nothing village in Dianshi Township upon the dusty hills of Mu Us Desert of the loess plateaux, technically a part of the very rough terrain of Hengshan County of Yulin.

For general information on the history of Yulin, please refer to: "History of Shaanxi Province" and our multi-page section on "The Great Wall of China".

- Yulin Meteorological Bureau
- Yulin Forestry Bureau
- Yulin Materials Bureau

- North Hospital
- Hengfeng Hospital
- Yulin Tumor Hospital

- Yulin University
- Shaanxi Yulin Agriculture School
- Shaanxi Yulinye School; in Youjiamiao in west section of City.


According to the Chinese Government website 48 kinds of natural resources have been identified within Yulin Prefecture.  Among these the most important are coal, oil and natural gas. The Shenfu Coal Field near Yulin has been ranked among the eight largest coal fields in the world. The city also has the largest natural gas field of present day China.

Traditional local products listed are: Handicrafts: paper-cutting, stone sculpture, hand-knitted carpet, willow knitting.
Special local food delicacies Red: red Chinese dates, millet (Sorghum).
Find out the Details in the History of Yulin
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Officially the area of Yulin City lies in a warm and semiarid continental monsoon climate zone. That said, it is more accurate to describe Yulin Prefecture as situated in a an arid and mountainous zone which lies
There are no ethnic minority groups or enclaves found within Yulin City Prefecture and virtyually none in Shaanxi Province entire. For all information relating to ethnic nationalities (ethnic minorities in Shaanxi Province please refer to our general introductory page on Shaanxi Province. Click below button.
Huayi International Hotel, Yongchang International Hotel, Yuxing Hotel, Milky Way Hotel.
Click Map to go to Full Version 1A
Jinshan Temple - Da Fo' Si
Great Buddha Temple - Da Fo' Si
Xumi Shan Buddhist Caves
Liu Pan Shan (Height: 2928 Meters)
Kongtong Shan (Height: 2123 Meters)
Hua Shan - Flower Mountain (Height: 2106 Meters)
Pianguan + Old Ox Bend (Shanxi) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Songwei (Ningxia) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Yulin + Fortress (Shaanxi) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Jingbian (Shaanxi) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Dingbian (Shaanxi) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Yanchi (Ningxia) Great Wall of China - Outer Layer
Qingling Mountains
Zhongnan Shan (Height: 2604 Meters)
Liulin (Shanxi Province)
LinTong (Lintung), Lintong District, Xi'An Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
- Click Map to Enlarge to Full Detail -
Yinchuan, Yinchuan Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Hancheng (formerly: Hanyuan), Hancheng County, Weinan Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Inner Mongolia AR
Yulin, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Dingbian, Dingbian County, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Yanchi, Yanchi County, Wuzhong Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Baode (Shanxi Province)
Hequ (Shanxi Province)
Ruicheng (Shanxi Province)
Yongji (Shanxi Province)
Yuncheng (Shanxi Province)
Shizuishan, Shizuishan Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Guyuan, Guyuan Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Pingliang, Pingliang Prefecture, Gansu Province, China (P.R.C.).
Zhongwei, Zhongwei Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Ulan Balgas (Inner Mongolia AR)
Beidachi (Inner Mongolia AR)
Huanxian (Gansu Province)
Xian - Capital of Shanxi, Xi'An Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Yenan (Yan'An), Yanan Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Jingbian, Jingbian County, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Qingyang, Qingyang Prefecture, Gansu Province, China (P.R.C.).
Wuzhong, Wuzhong Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Bayan Hot (Inner Mongolia AR)
Harhatan (Inner Mongolia AR)
Lishi (Shanxi Province)
Shenmu, Shenmu County, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Baoji, Baoji Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Fengxian (Shuangshipu), Fengxian County, Baoji Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Moon Canyon
Hukou Falls
Jialing (Gansu Province)
Tianshui, Tianshui Prefecture, Gansu Province, China (P.R.C.).
Tongxin, Tongxin County, Wuzhong Prefecture, Ningxia Hui AR, China (P.R.C.).
Hanzhong, Hanzhong Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Hejin (Shanxi Province)
Ankang, Ankang Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Weinan, Weinan Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Tongchuan, Tongchuan Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Mizhi, Mizhi County, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Binxian, Bin County, Xianyang Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Zhen'an, Zhen'An County, Shangluo Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Shangluo, Shangluo Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Baihe, Baihe County, Ankang Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Guangyuan, Guangyuan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China (P.R.C.).
Wanyuan, Wanyuan County, Dazhou Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China (P.R.C.).
Foping, Foping County, Hanzhong Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Taibai Shan (Height: 3767 Meters)
Danjiangkou Reservoir
?? Shan (Height: 1858 Meters)
QiJing(Ningxia Hui AR)
Xintongxia Reservoir
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Airport:  Yulin Yuyang Airport
Yulin City derives its name from the Yuxi river, which flows roughly from north to south through the City. The second river in Yulin City is the Qinghe river which flows into the Yuxi River in the northernmost section of the city.
Yulin is historically renowned for its function as fortified city and garrison station along the Great Wall of
Yulin is connected to the south of Shaanxi Province via China National Highway No. 210.
Main Railroad Station of Tongchuan - Photos and Introduction
The main railway running through Yulin City is the Xibao (Xian - Baotou) railway. Trains travel daily from Xi'An in the south, via Yulin Station to the city of Baotou on the Yellow River in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. For speedy train travel to Yulin, either travel through Baotou in the North or Xi'An (ancient Chang'An) in the south.

Since the year 2001 the City of Yulin is connected to the so called Shenyan Railway, which is an abreviation of Shenmu to Yan'An railroad. This railroad connects the main settlement in the northernmost county of Yulin Prefecture, the scenic town of Shenmu, with Yulin City proper.  From Yulin City the line travels further southward to the city of Yan'An where one can connect to various cities in Shaanxi Province and adjacent Provinces. The total length of the "Shenyan Railway" is 382.4 km (238 miles).

In order to get around the prefecture, make use of local railway lines in order to reach each county town from where one can explore by taxi, by bus or on foot.
Within Yulin City and Prefecture one can travel by train to: Baota District Station of Yulin City, Hengshan Town in Hengshan County, Mizhi in Mizhi County, Suide in Suide County, Zizhou in Zizhou County, Qingjian in Qinjian County and Zichang County of Yan'An Prefecture. As mentioned the line also connects to Yan'An City of Yan'an Prefecture to the south.

The Main Railway Station of Yulin, located due west of City Center in Shahe Cun.
Find out how to get around Yulin City and Prefecture
China. Later during the Ming Dynasty Era (1368 AD - 1644 AD), when the policy of non-Trade with the nomadic tribes on the other side of the Great Wall of China was altered, Yulin became one of the four important location where a "horse market" was established. Although Yulin city would not become the largest and economically most important of these markets, the city is historically renowned for its "Pacifying the North Tower" which is recognized as the largest (watch-) tower platform found along the entire length of the Great Wall of China.

The local geography of the city of Yulin is determined by the valley of the Yuxi River and surrounding mountains, hence the city is quite elongated and arranged in a north to south direction. Beyond the city, the surrounding regions are neatly divided by the line of the ancient Ming Dynasty Era Great Wall of China found at a distance of around 7 kilometers due north of the city center.
To the north of the Great Wall of China lies the Mongolian Plateuax, which traditionally was the domain of nomadic herders and not a part of Chinese (Han) territory at all. Here lie the southernmost extensions of the steppes and grasslands that were the home of the Mongolian people. Here there are but a few hills and no mountains. On the other hand, to the south of the Great Wall , lies a difficult to navigate and rugged area composed of loess hills, granite walls and often steep ravines. This part of the Prefecture is part of the loess plateux of the Yellow River (Huang He) which extends to the east as well as the south west.
Notably, the southwest of Yulin Prefecture consist of  low loess mountains and hills, from where many
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Mu Us
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Jinan (Capital of Shandong Province)
Kaifeng (Henan Province)
Zhengzhou (Henan Province)
Luoyang (Henan Province)
Taiyuan (Shanxi Province)
Lanzhou (Capital of Gansu Province)
Xining / Silung (Capital of Qinghai Province)
Xi'An (Capital of Shaanxi Province)
Yinchuan (Capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region)
Beijing & City Province - Capital of China (PRC)
Shanghai City & Province
just south of large desert area (the Mu Us Desert, an extension of the much larger Gobi Desert).
As a result, the average year round temperature in Yulin is only about 10C (50F). However, temperatures vary greatly throughout the year. As in all desert area's, the nights are cold partcularly when there is a cloudless sky. Daytime temperatures may sore to unexpected highs.
Winters in Yulin are cold but not as harsh as beyond the Great Wall of China and the territories in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Sand and Dust storms emerging from the lands to the west are the most frequent in spring in the period from March to May. The summers are hot with the rainy season occuring in the months of Juli and August. However, precious little rain falls in Yulin. The region has endured frequent dry spells throughout the 1990's and after the turn of the millenium with devastating effects for local agriculture.
In summer the heat is dry but can become unbearable.
For more information, please refer to: "Climate and Weather in Shaanxi Province", a part of our introduction to Shaanxi Province.
Yulin, Yulin Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China (P.R.C.).
Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao Prefecture, Hebei Province, China (P.R.C.).
rivers in the city start. In the past, the mountains provided and excellent natural defense upon which to build the fortifications of the Great Wall of China (since the Qin Dynasty Era 221 B.C. - 206 B.C.). The fortifications then served to protect the water sources of the city, as many small rivers supplying the city with fresh water spring from the south-western mountains.

Today's city of Yulin is still a relatively remote and difficult to reach destination within the dry and arid mountainous northern regions of Shaanxi Province. Although the city is popular as a tourist destination, due to its remoteness and relative poverty of the region it has retained much of its ancient and old original charm. As everywhere in China, the ancient architecture is under threat of being overwhelmed by an ongoing construction boom transforming the city skyline and landscape.

Highlights of the city are the remains of its massive city walls, the old courtyard houses of the old city center situated around the old Bell Tower and their various alley's and of course, the Zhenbeitai Tower of the Great Wall of China some 7+ kilometers due north of town in the valley of the Yuxi and Qinghe rivers. In addition a modest assortment of temples welcomes tourists for a visit.
The city of Yulin has two Bus Stations designated as North Bus Station and South Bus Station.
Long distance buses travel daily to: Xi'an - Capital of Shaanxi Province in the south, Yinchuan - Capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to the west, to Baotou in Inner Mongolia and to Taiyuan, the Capital of Shanxi Province to the south-east.
Naturally, buses travel frequently to the local county towns within Yulin Prefecture.
Google supported Map of Yulin City in Yulin Prefecture of Shaanxi Province, by - Mastermap of Asia (entire). weergeven op een grotere kaart
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This Satellite Image provides an overview of all International Airports in Asia, all Airports in China (PRC) and Mongolia. In addition all military airbases in China (PRC) listed.
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China Historic Map - Route Long March 1934/35 - 1A
A Schematic overview Map of the current Peoples Republic of China depicting the main route(s) of the epic Long March of 1934 and 1935.
Map clearly delineates PRC China current National borders and includes Provinces and Autonomous Regions, Main Cities and relevant Towns, initial Communist Soviets (Self-administered rebel areas), the routes followed by various elements among the Communist Groups and Armies, locations of important meetings points, main natural obstacles such as mountain ranges, the flow of large rivers such as the Yangtze  River and Yellow River, position of the Great Wall of China in Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, North Shaanxi Province etc, rough estimated routes of main railroads of the time and other details of interest.
Mouse over locations and link through for additional information on each location.