Economy of Tongxin :
See: "Wuzhong Prefecture".
Local Topography of Tongxin :
No information available.
Ethnic Minorities in Wuzhong & Prefecture
Learn More about the Ethnic Nationalities in Wuzhong
Tongxin County of Wuzhong City Prefecture Today :
History of Tongxin County :
Tongxin Climate & Weather :
Tongxin (--) Basic Knowledge :
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This page was last updated on: July 19, 2017
The Tongxin Report
Intro to Tongxin & Tongxin County, Wuzhong
Tongxin Landmarks & Monuments
Tongxin City & Area Maps
Location : 37° 59' 31" North, 106° 12' 9" East
Elevation : No Information available.
Surface Area:
Urban - Total Surface area of the City Prefecture of Wuzhong 27,000 square kilometers (10,425 square miles).
Population: The Total Population of Wuzhong City is and Prefecture is about 2 million souls.
The population of Wuzhong was an estimated 600.000 in the year 2003, 350 thousand in the Litong District and 250 thousand in the Xingtongxia (Bronze Gorge) District. Currently however Wuzhong counts over 2 million inhabitants, of whom some 720.000 are part of the Hui Ethnic Minority.

Wuzhong is situated roughly in the center of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, just 60 kilometers south of the regional capital of Yinchuan along the yellow river. Most of the city is built on the eastern banks of the river.
Wuzhong City Prefecture is bordered by the Ordos Desert of Shaanxi Province in the east and shares boundaries with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Gansu Province as well.
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Alphabetically ordered list of Monuments, Landmarks and other sites of interest in and Around Wuzhong
The main landmarks of Tongxin County in Wuzhong City Prefecture are found in the town of Tongxin itself.

First and foremost there is the renowned Tongxin Mosque, the oldest surviving Hui Mosque in the entire region it ranks together with the Muslim Dasi of the City of Xi'An in Shaanxi Province as the most important historic mosque for the Hui People. Although today several other Hui Mosques have found prominence (among them the West Gate Mosque (Xi Guan Qinzhen Si) in Lanzhou and the South Gate Mosque (Nan Guan Qinzhen Si) of Yinchuan) all of these have been constructed after the zealous religious persecutions of the Cultural Revolution (1966 - 1976) had passed.

The second Monument and Landmark of interest in Tongxin town is its Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetary. Officially, this Monument and adjacent park are dedicated to Long Xizheng, a soldier of the Communist Army on the Long March, to whom an entire Hall is dedicated.

The third main landmark of Tongxin is its secondary Mosque, which is locally known as the Xi Dasi (Western Mosque). As the name suggests, this Mosque is found due west of Town center, which is some ways walking due north west of the historic Tongxin Mosque.

In addition to the sites found in Tongxin Town, there is natural wildlife and nature reserve near Tongxin Town. This is the Mt. Luoshan National Nature Reserve.
Public Transport in Tongxin County Wuzhong Pref
Main Railroad Station of Tongxin - Photos and Introduction
The Main and only Railway Station of Wuzhong City - no information available.
Click Below Link for an up to Date Train schedule for Qingtongxia Station - Wuzhong City.
Complete Listing of available Hotels in Wuzhong, Ningxia Hui AR, China (PRC).
Wuzhong has a Railroad Station named Qingtongxia. It is located in the western parts of Wuzhong City.
The earliest human remains and objects found in the region of Wuzhong (currently) date as far back as the end of the stone age. In those days small wandering tribes of nomads criss crossed the region, naturally prefering the available waters of the Yellow River and the abundant green and wildlife as a good spot to stay on for longer periods.
Wuzhong City Prefecture is divided into four administrative units, there are two urban districts and two rural counties. The City Districts are Litong District (利通区)  and Xintongxia District (青铜峡市). The rural counties are Yanchi County (同心县) and Tongxin County (同心县).

The rural district of Tongxin is especially famous for its ancient Mosque however, beyond the town city lie far flung and sparsely visited sections of the Great Wall of China. These can be be found at Dismounting Horse Pass (Xiamaguan) county village (zhen), and more to the north around Shui'Anbu county village (zhen) just across the border of Yanchi County of Wuzhong Prefecture.
Find out the Details in the History of Wuzhong
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There is no information available on the Ethnic Groups within Wuzhong Prefecture.
For general information on the Ethnic Minority Groups in Ningxia, please refer to: 'Ethnic Minorities in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region', and our Main Introductory page to Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
Hotels & Hostels in Tongxin & County
There is no information available on Hotels and Hostels within Wuzhong Prefecture.
Please make use of adjacent banners to find more information,
or return at a later Time.
For information on the Climate in Wuzhong Prefecture which includes The Town of Tongxin in Tongxin County, please refer to:
'Climate and Weather in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region', on our Main Introductory page to Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
Click to Go to Large Scale Map 1A NingXia Province
Linhe County Seat, Yinchuan Prefecture, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Qingshui River
Otog Qianqi
Yinchuan, Capital of Ningxia Province
Zhongwei (+City Prefecture)
Inner Mongolia AR
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Bayan Hot (Inner-Mongolia AR)
Tongxin, Tongxin County, Wuzhong Prefecture, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Pengyang, Pengyang County, Guyuan Prefecture, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China (P.R.C.).
Yanchi, Yanchi County, Wuzhong Prefecture, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Dingbian (Shaanxi Province)
Otog Qianqi (Inner-Mongolia AR)
Gantang (Gansu Province)
Dingxi, Dingxi Prefecture, Gansu Province, China (P.R.C.).
Qingyang, Qingyang Prefecture, Gansu Province, China (P.R.C.).
Shizuishan (New City)
Bayan Hot
Yellow River
Yinchuan Hedong National Airport
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Satellite Image Map of the Entire Gobi Desert Region. Map overviews North-Eastern Qinghai Province, Gansu Province, Mongolia, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and North and North-Eastern China giving a Full Overview of the Gobi Deserts and a large part of the flow and path of the yellow river.
As described in the 'History of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (1 through 5)', the Ningxia Region was first reached and settled by Han Chinese during the Qin Dynasty Era (221 BC - 206 BC) although it was not until the Han Dynasty rule period that the new position could be solidified. At the time the region of what is today Wuzhong City was included in the irrigation projects of the day. Thus, Wuzhong was a settled and sparsely inhabited region by the second century BC. There were only a few farms and but a few villages though.

By the Time of the Tang Dynasty Era (618 AD - 907 AD) the entire Ningxia Region had been included into the Han Dynastic Realm and was supported by a military garrison. In the region of Wuzhong horses were bred for the imperial armies. Agriculture flourished throughout the regions, as did the faith of Buddhism, which saw a large
nationwide upswing during the second half of the Tang Rule.

Wuzhong or parts of it go unmentioned in the long lost history of the Tangut Dynasty (also known as the Xixia, western Xia Kingdom) which reigned from 1038 AD to 1227 AD, although by that time the Wuzhong Region had long been lost to the military campaigns of the rising Mongol Tribes to the North and North-East which united under Genghis Khan (1162 AD – 1227 AD).

Muslim influences and later full islamic culture came to Wuzhong during the years of the Yuan Dynasty (1271 AD - 1368 AD) and remains to this day.

During the early and mid-19th century, the territory of today's Wuzhong - as well as much of northern Ningxia - became a stronghold of the Jahriyya Sufi order (menhuan), which was headquartered in the town of Jinjipu (located a few km south of today's Wuzhong's main urban area). Under the leadership of the order's fourth and fifth shaykhs, Ma Yide (the 1770s - 1849 AD) and Ma Hualong (deceased 1871 AD), it grew wealthy from the profits of caravan trade across Inner Mongolia, between Baotou, Hohhot and Beijing, and Jinjipu became an important commercial and religious center.
During the Muslim Rebellion of 1862 AD -1877 AD, Jinjipu became the headquarter of the rebels in the Ningxia region. The town fell to Zuo Zongtang's troops in January 1871 AD, and over a thousand rebels and residents were massacred; Ma Hualong with his family and Jahriyya officials were executed in March 1871 AD.
Read More in: 'History of Islam in China', and 'History of Islam in China during the Ching Dynasty'.
You Tube Video: The Bronze Gorge Reservoir, Hydro-electric Dam and 10 Stupa′s, Wuzhong City.
A Full listing of Wuzhong City Landmarks, Monuments, Hotspots and other sites of importance in alphabetical order. Search through the list to find your Full Report and Photo-Virtual Tour of each monument or landmark within the City, or Region of Wuzhong in Ningxia Hui AR of China (PRC).
For information on the Landmarks, Monuments and Scenic Sites of the wider Region of Wuzhong City, Yinchuan and beyond, please refer to:
′Landmarks & Monuments of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region - Menu/Index′.
Alphabetically ordered list of Monuments, Landmarks and other sites of interest in and Around Wuzhong
Location of the Tongxin Mosque within Ningxia Province (Green).
Tongxin County Town; location of the Tongxin Mosque, oldest and only prserved one in the Ningxia Region.
Yinchuan - Capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Zhongwei, City in Ningxia Hui AR
Guyuan, City in Ningxia Hui AR
Wuzhong, City in Ningxia Hui AR
Shizuishan, City in Ningxia Hui AR

Weather ForecastView Detailed 9 Day Weather Forecasts for Qingtongxia, webcams, weather maps & more at

Time Schedule for the Main Railroad Station of Wuzhong City at Qingtongxia - Photos and Introduction
Wuzhong is connected to Yinchuan via China National Highway 211.
There are no maps of Wuzhong City Prefecture, Tongxin County and Qingtongxia available at this time.
For all Maps relevant to Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the past and present, please refer to:
'Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region - Maps Index'.
This page was last updated on: July 19, 2017
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China Historic Map - Route Long March 1934/35 - 1A
A Schematic overview Map of the current Peoples Republic of China depicting the main route(s) of the epic Long March of 1934 and 1935.
Map clearly delineates PRC China current National borders and includes Provinces and Autonomous Regions, Main Cities and relevant Towns, initial Communist Soviets (Self-administered rebel areas), the routes followed by various elements among the Communist Groups and Armies, locations of important meetings points, main natural obstacles such as mountain ranges, the flow of large rivers such as the Yangtze  River and Yellow River, position of the Great Wall of China in Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, North Shaanxi Province etc, rough estimated routes of main railroads of the time and other details of interest.
Mouse over locations and link through for additional information on each location.