Population: The Total Population of Wuzhong City is and Prefecture is about 2 million souls.
The population of Wuzhong was an estimated 600.000 in the year 2003, 350 thousand in the Litong District and 250 thousand in the Xingtongxia (Bronze Gorge) District. Currently however Wuzhong counts over 2 million inhabitants, of whom some 720.000 are part of the Hui Ethnic Minority.
The second Monument and Landmark of interest in Tongxin town is its Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetary. Officially, this Monument and adjacent park are dedicated to Long Xizheng, a soldier of the Communist Army on the Long March, to whom an entire Hall is dedicated.
The third main landmark of Tongxin is its secondary Mosque, which is locally known as the Xi Dasi (Western Mosque). As the name suggests, this Mosque is found due west of Town center, which is some ways walking due north west of the historic Tongxin Mosque.
In addition to the sites found in Tongxin Town, there is natural wildlife and nature reserve near Tongxin Town. This is the Mt. Luoshan National Nature Reserve.
Public Transport in Tongxin County Wuzhong Pref
The Main and only Railway Station of Wuzhong City - no information available.
Click Below Link for an up to Date Train schedule for Qingtongxia Station - Wuzhong City.
Wuzhong has a Railroad Station named Qingtongxia. It is located in the western parts of Wuzhong City.
The earliest human remains and objects found in the region of Wuzhong (currently) date as far back as the end of the stone age. In those days small wandering tribes of nomads criss crossed the region, naturally prefering the available waters of the Yellow River and the abundant green and wildlife as a good spot to stay on for longer periods.
Wuzhong City Prefecture is divided into four administrative units, there are two urban districts and two rural counties. The City Districts are Litong District (利通区) and Xintongxia District (青铜峡市). The rural counties are Yanchi County (同心县) and Tongxin County (同心县).
The rural district of Tongxin is especially famous for its ancient Mosque however, beyond the town city lie far flung and sparsely visited sections of the Great Wall of China. These can be be found at Dismounting Horse Pass (Xiamaguan) county village (zhen), and more to the north around Shui'Anbu county village (zhen) just across the border of Yanchi County of Wuzhong Prefecture.
As described in the 'History of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (1 through 5)', the Ningxia Region was first reached and settled by Han Chinese during the Qin Dynasty Era (221 BC - 206 BC) although it was not until the Han Dynasty rule period that the new position could be solidified. At the time the region of what is today Wuzhong City was included in the irrigation projects of the day. Thus, Wuzhong was a settled and sparsely inhabited region by the second century BC. There were only a few farms and but a few villages though.
By the Time of the Tang Dynasty Era (618 AD - 907 AD) the entire Ningxia Region had been included into the Han Dynastic Realm and was supported by a military garrison. In the region of Wuzhong horses were bred for the imperial armies. Agriculture flourished throughout the regions, as did the faith of Buddhism, which saw a large
nationwide upswing during the second half of the Tang Rule.
Wuzhong or parts of it go unmentioned in the long lost history of the Tangut Dynasty (also known as the Xixia, western Xia Kingdom) which reigned from 1038 AD to 1227 AD, although by that time the Wuzhong Region had long been lost to the military campaigns of the rising Mongol Tribes to the North and North-East which united under Genghis Khan (1162 AD – 1227 AD).
During the early and mid-19th century, the territory of today's Wuzhong - as well as much of northern Ningxia - became a stronghold of the Jahriyya Sufi order (menhuan), which was headquartered in the town of Jinjipu (located a few km south of today's Wuzhong's main urban area). Under the leadership of the order's fourth and fifth shaykhs, Ma Yide (the 1770s - 1849 AD) and Ma Hualong (deceased 1871 AD), it grew wealthy from the profits of caravan trade across Inner Mongolia, between Baotou, Hohhot and Beijing, and Jinjipu became an important commercial and religious center.
During the Muslim Rebellion of 1862 AD -1877 AD, Jinjipu became the headquarter of the rebels in the Ningxia region. The town fell to Zuo Zongtang's troops in January 1871 AD, and over a thousand rebels and residents were massacred; Ma Hualong with his family and Jahriyya officials were executed in March 1871 AD.
You Tube Video: The Bronze Gorge Reservoir, Hydro-electric Dam and 10 Stupa′s, Wuzhong City.
A Full listing of Wuzhong City Landmarks, Monuments, Hotspots and other sites of importance in alphabetical order. Search through the list to find your Full Report and Photo-Virtual Tour of each monument or landmark within the City, or Region of Wuzhong in Ningxia Hui AR of China (PRC).
For information on the Landmarks, Monuments and Scenic Sites of the wider Region of Wuzhong City, Yinchuan and beyond, please refer to:
China Historic Map - Route Long March 1934/35 - 1A
A Schematic overview Map of the current Peoples Republic of China depicting the main route(s) of the epic Long March of 1934 and 1935.
Map clearly delineates PRC China current National borders and includes Provinces and Autonomous Regions, Main Cities and relevant Towns, initial Communist Soviets (Self-administered rebel areas), the routes followed by various elements among the Communist Groups and Armies, locations of important meetings points, main natural obstacles such as mountain ranges, the flow of large rivers such as the Yangtze River and Yellow River, position of the Great Wall of China in Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, North Shaanxi Province etc, rough estimated routes of main railroads of the time and other details of interest.
Mouse over locations and link through for additional information on each location.